The IRS can audit you by mail, in their offices, or in your office or home.
What is and Appeal?
An Appeal is a request by a taxpayer that does not agree with an IRS decision.
The action of filing an appeal puts the IRS on notice that the taxpayer doesn't agree with the IRS and is seeking a meeting to change the IRS decision.
There are many types of appeals that the IRS offers:
An assessment of "Any Tax" by Any Division of the IRS, with or without an examination, may be appealed by filing a formal protest of the assessment with the IRS.
A Collection Appeal Request (CAP Form 9423) – is generally used when a taxpayer and a Revenue Officer (Collection) do not see eye-to-eye on an intrusive collection tactic that the IRS wants to implement or has already implemented such as a Levy, Lien, seizure or the denial or termination of an installment agreement.
A Request for a Collection Due Process Hearing (CDP Form 12153) is used as an all purpose appeal. Generally, it is invoked, by filing form 12153, when the IRS has already issued a Lien, about to issue a levy, and you want to request an alternative collection option that is less intrusive such as an Offer in Compromise, Payment Plan, be declared "currently not collectible", request Innocent Spouse Relief, or request a withdrawal, discharge or subordination of a lien. There are certain legal and administrative notices and requirements the IRS must send/meet before a taxpayer can file this type of Appeal.
An Application for Taxpayer Assistance Order (Form 911) is another type of an appeal. This is used, when the taxpayer has exhausted all other means of trying to resolve an issue with the IRS but an agreeable decision can not be reached. This appeal is handled by the IRS's Taxpayer Advocate Service. The Taxpayer advocate service can not over turn an appeals officer decision. However, they can to expedite matters and are very helpful in most circumstances.
What can be Appealed?
Offers in Compromise
Installment Payment Plans
Requests for Penalty Removal
Requests for Abatement of Interest
Requests for Special Relief
Just about every type of IRS action or assessment can be appealed.
The taxpayer must file an Appeals request within a certain legal time frame and follow the IRS guidelines for an Appeal request to be valid.
Appeals Settlement Practices
The goal of the IRS Appeal Division is to "settle" disputes between the IRS and taxpayers.
The Examination and collection functions are not permitted to agree to compromise settlements. Instead, they are required to apply the IRS positions to the facts of each case.
Appeals, on the other hand, is authorized to settle cases based on the potential hazards of litigation and doubt as to the collectibility of amounts owed to the IRS. Consequently, a taxpayer may be able to settle a case more favorably at Appeals than he could at other levels the IRS.
Appeals is the dispute resolution forum of the IRS. Its mission is "to resolve tax controversies, without litigation, on a basis which is fair and impartial to both the Government and the taxpayer and in a manner that will enhance voluntary compliance and public confidence in the integrity and efficiency" of the IRS.
Appeals seeks to accomplish this mission by considering taxpayer appeals, holding conferences, and negotiating settlements. Appeals generally is the last administrative opportunity for both the taxpayer and the IRS to resolve a dispute without litigation.
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