Fiduciaries (trustees, executors, personal representatives) normally are not personally liable for the obligations of the trusts and estates they administer. As mentioned here previously, a major exception to this is the federal priority statute (a/k/a the federal claims statute) under 31 USC §3713(b)/Code § 6901(a)(1)(B). This little gem can create personal liability for a fiduciary that pays out estate or trust assets (including by reason of a distribution to beneficiaries) with knowledge that there are existing federal liabilities (such as taxes) that are unpaid, if the estate or trust is unable to later satisfy those liabilities.
Fiduciaries Held Liable For Estate & Gift Tax under Federal Priority Statute
July 9, 2012